150 Years Ago Today

Ruff station or Fort Mcphearson
oct the 29th.64
Dear Brother
yours of oct the 9th Came duly to Hand and Was Gladly Perused And its Contents Noted I Was pleased to hear that you Enjoiced your self so Wel at the state Fair I would to of been Much Pleased to of been there My self and saw the sights but so it Was While you Was Enjoying the seanes and Myrth of the Fair We boys A Way down here in Dixia Land Was having A stiring Littel bat With old J. B. Hood and Raged Hords of Johnies Playing A Lively Game at ball And shell Wel I Was Glad to hear that you Was Getting Along so Wel With your Corncutting and that Crops Are so Good for the better and the Plentier there is of Grain of all Kinds in the Countrey the better We soldiers Wil Live and Fare you do Not seem to of had Frost Much Earlier than What We have had it here in Georgia and Last Night there Was an Extra large old jack Nipper here I Asure you and Evarey thing that Frost Wil Kil has Paied the debt of Nature you say the orchard Was verey Full this year Wel I shal hope that things May turn up so that if My Life is spared I May Have the Pleasure of Eating sum of them if Not at Home Why hear at sum Point or Past in the Armey you Wished to of Me What the solders say and thinck of Littel mack the unready Wel I Wil try and tel you thay that is the soldiers of this Armie and Western soldiers Especaly have Not yet Forgotten the slur and Insult that the young napolean threw at us Just as he started on his york town Campaighn in his or in one of his Addreses Made to his Marey About that times he said soldiers of the Grand Armey of the Potomac the Armey and the soldiers of the West Wil hold the Position and posts that they Now Ocupy Along the ohio and Mis Rivers and Prevent the Rebels from invading the states of the harder While We soldiers of the Grand Armey of the Potomac Wil Move forward and take Ritchmond and Making the Curcut finaly Crush the Rebelion We at once felt the insult and Never have Forgot it and Never Wil What has been the Result the Armey of the Potomac is stil taking Ritchmond And the Armey of the West and the soldiers of the West are the ones that have Won the victories and Nade the Giant strides towards the Crushing of this Rebellion thay have Left the ohio and Misisippie Rivers and Posts Far be hind and Advanced hundreds [missing] of the Potomac is yet hardly out of Canon shot of its bancks yet but stil I do Not say Eney thing but that the soldiers of that Armey Are as brave as the soldiers of this Armey ut I do say that its seconed Commander Was A Traitor and is held as such by all of the soldiers of this Armey Mcdowal Was its First there is Not A Littel Mc Man in the 41st and thay are scarcer here in these parts than Hens teeth so you May set the Armey Down as beaing solid Against him and All such Men and an such Platforms as that Concocted At Chicago but Enough to day We have been out A Foraging but saw Nothing and Got Nothing and I thinck that Thay Wil Not send us out soon Again to Night there Must be sum Cause for Alarm as orders have Come from Marietta to Doubel our Patrols and piquet I suppos that We Wil Find out tomorrow or at Least in A day or to Kilpatrick And his Caverlay have Come into Marietta and he has taken the Command of all the tropps in this District And Already is Changing things in this District there is beaing Made A General Reorganisation of the Armey here and I Cant say What thay Wil do With us yet or Whear theay Wil send us to Wel I have this to say to you you say that you have A Notion to Enlist Now that you Are Past Eighteen I say Dont do it you are Growing to Fast and Wil Not be Able to stand the servis then there are to of us in the servis and you are Needed at Hoome for Father is both old and Feebel and your are of Much More Need and use there than here then Again dont Enlist let the draft Fetch out the Coperhead that your Enlisting Would Allow to Remain at home you Can also make Much More there than you Can A soldiering and far Easier and as Without beaing out of Nights Evarey other or Evarey third Night Exposed to all the Inclemancies of the Weather and lay for Five days and Nights With out rest at A time as I have done and under the Constant Whir of bullets shot and shell for Forty days at A time there is A Romance in soldiering but there is also A stern and Grave Reality as you Wil find if you Ever should try it but time Wears and I must thinck of Closeing this My health Continues of the best description and I Can A Great deal More than sinck My Allowance of Rations the boys are all Wel and hearty as Clinton has also Written I shal Not say WEney thing of him our Meetings stil Continues and are Growing More and More Interisting Jese dont do as I have done Put off the seeking of the salvation of your Immortal soul but seek the Pearl of Great Price While yet you are young and it May be Found I shal Mail With this the to Pacages of Which I have Written so hoping this May find you and all the damaley Enjoying health and Hapines I close by remaining truly your brother and Welwisher Ques to Jese A. Krone

150 Years Ago Today

Oct the 29th/64 Last Night there Was the Heaviest Frost there has been this season to day Has been verey Butiful this Morning A Party of Fifty of us Was sent out A Foraging We had Quite tramp and it all Amounted to Nothing as We Go Nothing I Was to Meeting Last Night there Was to More added to the Church there Wil be A General inspection and Muster A Monday Wrote A Letter to Jese Krone the substitutes and the Drafted Men are Ariving by the thousands there Was one of our Non veterans Arived to Night on A visit to the boys he is Fat healthly and saucy this Evening there has ten trains from Chattanooga Went to Atlanta

150 Years Ago Today

Oct the 28th;;64 this Morning the sun Rose bright and Glorious I Was on vidett duty Last Night and to day and during the Night the Cold Pinched quite severaly to day there Was the Largest Mail Came in that has Ever Been Recived by the Regiment Came in and We are all verey buisy Reading their Letters I Recived one From Father one From Jese A. Krone one from Mr and Mrs F. B. stickel one from uncle John S. Keister the damage Done the Railroad by hood has been Repaired and trains are Ariving direct from Chattanooga the spirits of the boys have Rose in due Proportion recived Papers from Mcdonough

150 Years Ago Today

Oct the 27th/64 Last Night it Rained verey steady And Is stil Raining to day the boys are all verey buisy to day A Writing Letters to their Homes and Friends I having None to Write an Reading the Papers Which I Recived yester day the Wind has Changed to the North and the Rain has Ceased it is verey Cool and is Clearing of there is Nothing A transpireing to Day And there has but Few trains Pased Ether Way over the Road to day the Infant Church stil holds their Meeting Evarey Ninght but unles they Procure A Warmer Place than A brush shed thay Wil have to discontinue as it is becoming Entirely to Cold For Meeting out of Dors
brigadier General vanderver Was to see us to day

150 Years Ago today

Oct the 26th/64 the Weather is Clooudy and Cool to day the Regiment Recived quite A Large Mail I Recived to Letters From Home and to Pacages of Papers From Mcdonough County there Was Rebels Reported by our Patrols to be on the Road to Miles south of this the Captain sent A Party of us out to see as to the truth of the Report We Went to the designated Place but Found Nether Rebels Nor sighns of Rebels to day Wrote A Letter to Mr George v Morrisson of the twenty Eighth Regt Ill vet vol Inft Wrote A Letter to Father our rations of Meat Are exhausted And We Are Living on Crackers and Coffe but it is all rite

150 Years Ago Today

Camp of the 41st At Ruff station Ga
Oct the 25th/…64
My Dear Father
After A Long Intervill I take my Pen In hand to Write A Few Lines to Inform you as to our Welfare and also as to how Matters And things Are Prospering in General With us here at our quiet and Loan station in Georgia My Last Letter to you I find by My Diarey Was Written sept the 29th Now A Month Gone y since Which time I have been Expecting Letters From Home And have delayed Writing Partly on that Account but thay have Failed to Reach Mee and I have Concluded to Write A Few Lines Eneyhow Another Reason With Mee has been the Raid of old Hood And his Leigons of Johnies on our Lines of supply and Communication but that Reason Now Exhists No Longer For he has been teribly Whiped and Punished For his Audacity and is at this time triing his utmost to Escape From the toils of General sherman but With What succes he Wil Efect His object yet Ramines to bee seen and if he does succeed in Making his Escape With the Remnant of his Armey hes Leapes have been such that he Wil Not hereafter be Able to Make A Good Defensive stand since I last Wrote We have been Moveing and Also have had sum harde and trying times but as Clinton Has been Writing to you several times during And since then I shal only Make Mention of Part of the Items First on the twenty Eight of sept Came the Raid of the Rebel Armie under Hood and the taking by him of the Posts of Kennesaw station bigshanty and Moon station on the seventeenth of sept the Johnies Captured or Killed in their Contest With them Almost the Entire 14th and 15th Consolidated Illinois Regiments of veterans so our old Antagonists in the Prise Drill Are Now Compleatly Played out as the soldiers term it the Rebels Next Made A Desperate Attempt to storm the Worcks at Allatoona and Capture the Immense supply of Rations Which We had stored there but thay here Run Against the hero of the First Chicamug battel the Invincibel Thommas and Was Repulsed With the Most unparaled slaughter of there Men and oficers During the time this Was transpireing at Allatoona the rebel General stewart Was demonstrating on us at Marietta With his Corps to oppose him We had but A small brigade Which Contained hardly Men enough to form A Compleat line of skirmishers We Was on duty Constant For Five days and Nights Without Cessation or Relief General sherman telagraphe to General Mcauther to Hold the Kennesaw Mountain at all Cost and hasard until he Could Arive With Reinforcements Which Was delayed by the suden and unexpected rise of the Chatachoochie River and the sweeping A way of the Pontoon and Waggon And Railroad Bridges so that it Was Imposibel for the Armey to Come up Just at the Critical Moment our Commander obeyed his orders and Moved all his Men out on to the scirmish line and Made show and Front Enough for an Armey of Fifty thousand Men stewart Was beat and Compleatly Nonplused by our bold show and halted his line of March and Formed hi Men in order for battel Expecting to be Attacked Imediately by us and to Ad Certainty to his belief that such Was our Intention We Moved up our Artillery Although We had but twenty Men to support Each battery and at the same time Kilpattrick and his Caveraly and Mounted Infantrey Dashed in on to their train of Wagons Capturing thre thousand of the Johnie Gards With six Peices of Artillery And burnt six hundred of their Wagons this disaster so satisfied them that We had our Armey up and Wel in hand that Instead of Capturing Marietta Which thay Could of done With to thousand Men With all Eas had thay Known the true situation of things With us but luckey for us thay Did Not Know for once and that Proved our salvation thay first mased their Whole Force to Gether Expecting an Imediate Attack by us and then thay retreated to dallas and When our forces Moved Against them there thay Retreated Acros the Etewah River While that Was here thay lived on Whatever thay Could Pick up and that Eat all the shugar Cane and Green Corn stalcks that Was in the Countrey thay Made on Ishue of Rations at bigshanty for thre days and A Hungrey Man Could of Eat it all at one Meal and then Not have Eat hearty but as I allow Clinton has Written the Particulars I shal to other Items We Left Marietta the 13th of october and Marched to What Is Caled Ruff station between Four and Five Miles on the Railroad south of Marietta Whear We are Located for the present and at Which Place We have built A verey strong Defensive Worck Which in Hoonor of our old and Much Loved Commander We have Chrisened Fort Mcphearson and if the Johnies should have the temerity to Attack us in it thay Wil Find themselves striking as harde A Place to be taken as What thay always Found General Mcphearson Was to defeat and that Was A thing Which thay Never Was Able to do and to day his Name Is the Rolling and battel Cry of his Nobel and Glorious old and Ever victorious Armet of the tennesee and Cheers them on to victorey to defeat it the rebels Wil have to as Welington Did Naploleons old Gard of the Empire at the battel of Waterlou totaly Anihilate it and that With them is A Imposibility the Countrey here is verey level And open to What it has been Everay Whear Els that We have been in Georgia the land or rather the soil here is verey Rich and Productive but all Now lays A Waste and A Wilderness of Desolation and the Whole Compleatly Cut up With long lines of Intrenchments and fortications that Compleatley sweap and Command Evearey Foot and Inch of Ground between them the Inhabitants What Few stil remain are Actualy starving and Wil be sent to the North by the Militarey Authorities as soon as Posibel We have traversed the Whole Countrey in all I shal in A Few days Now send those to Pacages of my old letters that I Wrote About before the rebel raid has delayed my sending them sooner Each Pacage Wil have the Word seal Writen on it thay are Not to be opened unles I should Not return such is my Wish. Duquesne

150 Years Ago Today

Oct the 25th/64last Night Was verey Cold and Frosty to day has been verey Clear and Fine the Autumn days have Come the Pleasantes of All the year the Forest Are Dresed in their Robes of Asure And Gold Last Night and to day I have been on vidett duty Drew Rations to day For six days one of our Regt that has been up to Tunnel Hill to see the 115th Ills Regt Returned to day he states that When he Came through there Was yet Nighn Miles of the Road to Repair and that thay Was at Worck A Repairing that We are A taking up the East Point and West Point Roads to Relay this thus Making the Rebel roads and Trans repair the damage that thay have done our Wrote A Letter to Father