Field Camp ten miles North East of Vicksburg Miss Dec the 5th/63
I take my pen in hand to awnser your welcom leter of the twentieth inst which I recived to day and was glad to hear from home once again and to hear that all of you was in the enjoyment of health and its blesings since my last leter there has ben quite a change in our prospects and also in our locality our pleasant dreams of a season of rest and repose in snug and comfortabel winter quarters at Natchez a month ago and the third brigade three weeacks after and then the first brigade moved in to the Fort and again comenced to build winter quarters expecting to remain all winter if not until the expiration of our term of servis but whe was destined to be sadley disappointed for three days after orders came for to be ready to embarck at a moments notice and ohn the thirtieth of November whe embarcked ohn board of the steamer Illinois in Companey with the third Ioway and bid adieu to the pleasant city of natchez and its kind and corteous inhibitants and started up the river nothing transpired to mar our progres nor cast a cloud over our enjoyment and ohn the morning of the second of December whe again landed in the City of Vicksburg and the same day marched out eight miles and encamped for the night the morning of the third whe moved forward to miles and ocupied our present camp the niiinth armey corps was encamped here last summer while whe was seighing Vicksburg and threw up brest worcks and fortication to keep old joe Johnson from comeing in ohn our rear while engaged in rearing old pemberton and his crew out of their forts and holes in and around the city of Vicksburg the thirty sixth mass and the fifteenth main was encamped ohn the countrey is verey broken and has a dreary and desolate appearance and as far as the eye can reach there is to be seen a continuous line of brest worcks the forests are bare of foliage and the weather is cloudy and gloomey loocking and there is nothing living to be seen but that which belongs to the armey it is said that our present camp is within four miles of Hainses bluff ohn the yazoo where whe landed last May when whe marched round to the rear of the city as to how long whe wil remain here I caqnnot say whe may stay six months and may not stay to weacks the rebels are said to be reforting the City of Jackson and Magor General Mcpherson is concentrating his armey corps ohn this line for sum purpos and that may be to again oust the rebels from that city the health of the regiment is all that could be desired at this time and the boys are all wel and hearty and in the best of spirits Clinton is all rite so that you may rest easey ohn that I am wel but can ohnley half see as my eyes are badley branulated I am glad to hear that Mrs Foster is wel aand also the rest of the friends but sorey to hear that Lieut Wilsons Mother is not expected to live the Lieut is trying to reighn his camision and return home and if he succeeds the companey wil loose its best oficer and one of its best and most exemplarey members I have had but verey little mail since my return to the regiment I have ben loocking for a letter from Jese and susan but I suppose that thay are above writing or else it takes them all their time to write to their sweethearts as I have just stoped here to eat a pie and somthing else that I dont know what it is at this time I stop and finish afterwards I resume having eaten a pie and sum sardines today is ration day and the hard tack coffe shugar beanes and sowbeley are comeing in but I shal come to a close hoping that this may find all of you in the enjoyment of health and its blesings my love to all and my respects to the friends enclosed are to songs for dick and I want him to write me a leter also for safe keeping until my return ten dolars it is raining now yours until the next time
D Q H. Krone
Natchez Miss. Nov. 24th 1863
L. Thomas, A.G.U.S.
Sir I enlisted in the 41st Ill. Vol. on the 4th day of December 1862 to serve till the 41st Ill was mustered out but could not be sworn in fore less than three years now I want to know if it is your opionions that I will have to serve any longer than till the regt term of serv expires, which will be on the 5th day of August next as there has bin a good deal of controversy on this subject pleas answer.
I am Sir your
DeWitt C. Krone
Co. E. 41st Ill Vol
[On the back of the above letter, with the date stamp of the Adjustant General’s office in Washington, DC, is the following}
Natchez Miss. Nov 24, 1863
DeWitt C. Krone
Co. E. 41st Ill. Vol.
Says he enlisted in 41st Ill. Vol. in Dec. 1862, to serve until the Reg’t was mustered out but was sworn in for 3 years. Want to know if he will be mustered out when the Reg’t is.
NO SIREE, BY HELL [in a different hand]
Rec’d Dec. 10th 1863 [date stamped]
Adjutant General’s Office
Washington, D.C. Dec. 12/63
Respectfully refered to the County Officer 41st Ill. Vol.
Samuel Neck [stamped]
Ass’t Adjt. General
Recd A.G.O. Dec. 11. 1863
Camp Natchez Miss Nov. 24th 1863
Dear Father Mother Sisters and Brothers
this chilley morning I seat my self fore to pen you a few lines and let you know that I am still in the land of the living and abel fore to eat all the rations the Quartermaster gives me and a littel more to. I am a bout as well as usual and weight a bout as much as I ever did I am on line guard to day on the second relief Ques is in the cabin reading the Natchez Curier I believe he intendes fore to send it home fore he asked me fore a yellow Buff envelop fore to put a round it but I had none but white ones Lt. Wilson and Wm. Blair is on picket Wilson is well as I ever saw him but he wants to resign but cant make the rifels he is officer of the picket guard to day we have bin having sum purty wether till here of late it has got to be quite blustery and cool yester day it tried to rain all day but did not make any head way last night it rained sawlogs fore pitchfork handels all night and to day it is a geting cold enough to frees the horns off a muley cow but I do not think it will last long we are here all a lone now I mean our Brigade yesterday the 3rd Brigade left fore parts unknown it is reported that we are not in the 4th division any more and that Crocker has got an Ioway brigade in our places that he has bin wanting ever since he has had com mand of us and that we are in the 6th Division McCarther Comdg but one hears so maney tales it is hard fore to tell which it is to be the true one but just have to wait and time will tell us all a bout it. the guerrillas are still at work be tween here and Vicksburg and we hear cannonading is to be heard every day on the river this is the first place I have saw pine trees growing wild here there is lots of it we were out a bout 14 miles after corn the other day and got first rate corn I tell you and you might just have walked over the field on pumpkins they were so thick but I did not git a pumpking fore I had fore to look fore the rebes and then come back with another regiments wagon but I got sum grapes, but no chickens did we git if ther were sesess well while I am a writing orders comes fore to move camp in side of the Breast works and Major McFaden has gone to pick out our camp we will not leave till morning then we will have to leave our shanties but such is the soldiers life in the Field in time of war I supose ere this our recruiting officers have arrived home but I do not think they will do much at giting recruits in our township From the majority the copperheds had at the last election and I do not care if they do not fore I would like fore to see a draft so as to get sum of them copperheds out such as Harve McGuire and Bob White and several others Jahin and Fred Hosrider — well Jesse whatever you do Fore God sake don t enlist take my word fore it dont enlist they cant draft you no how fore three years yet and so I would advise you fore to stay at home fore I do not believe you would ever stand it not that I ever repent having enlisted but from a sense of duty to you. why dont you and Sue and Mother ever write me have you fore got how if so say so by not writing Ell I would thank you not to shoot any more ten penny nails and grind stones out of my gun why I never do that with uncal Sams gun and so I do not want mine done that way if you can help it. we all ways have plenty of lead fore to shoot
November the 17th/63
it is with the greatest of pleasure that I take my pen in hand to answer your leter of the 6th inst which came to hand the night of the sixteenth but owing to pressing duties and also the regiment had to go a foraging yesterday I have not been able to write sooner whe went out twelve miles and presed an old rebels corn for the use and benefit of uncle sam the old reb did not much licke the ide of having his corn appropiated by uncle sams boys but it was all of no use for his friends was not strong enough for to prevent us from taking it the countrey over which we pased was of the poorest description and hilley and cut up by Gulleys in all and evarey direction and so poor that I dont see how a bird can manage to live in it let alone a man the weather for the past to weeacks has ben Indian summer here and as hot as the last of May and the first of June is in Illinois to day it is verey sultrey and close and I thinck that before to morrow there wil be rain but let it come whe have got our cabins finished and it canot hurt us the second brigade of the Division has left here and gone to vicksburg and it is reported that thay go from there to the big black there is nothing of interest a transpiring here at the present time adugent General Thommas has returned to this place after a short absence the negrow regiments are rapidely filling up and also a white regiment the second Lea Caverley the Citisens stil continue to show us evarey kindnes and attention you thinck it starnge that Lieut Wilson should be ohn picket and want to know how it comes wel there is a detail of so menay men made evarey twenty four hours to do picket duty the next twenty four hours and at the same time there is one and often more comisioned oficers detailed to the comand of the picket gard and he has to see that all of the gard does their duty and dont desert their post and if thay should be attacked by the enemey he has to so dispose of his force so as to make all the resistance posible and to line ready to recive their enemies another part of the oficers duty is to inspect all papers and bagage of citisens and others passing through the lines to see that no one goes out with out the proper pas and that nothing counterband of war pases through to the enemey for ohn the viligance and watchfulnes of the pickit gards depend the safty and the success of the armey by this I thinck that you wil understand why Lieut Wilson was ohn picket he was in comand of them weil Clint is here Wel and hearty to all appearances I am glad to here that Marey and Jese are a going to keep house and Farm at Mr stickels next season and I hope that thay may have the best of succes Jese wil have to keep the team in good order though if he wasnts to make a good crop I am sorey to hear that so menay of the Famaley are stil ohn the sick list and truley hope that by the time that this reaches you that thay may be fully restored to health and all tis blesingsbut I am pained to here thaat Mother is so easily put to outs and that she canot yet master her longing for to ape the extravigance of her more wealthy neighbors but the longing to be in the ful feather of the fashions is and always wil be her ruling fashion and desire to have this or to have that is the desire wheather there is the money to pay for it or noth and when she takes the notion she never stops to thinck how is the money to be had but vowes that she wil have it and all that I can say is to let her talck and pay no attention to it ohn that score dont let her worey you wil soon tire her at her ohn game and to Mother I would say try and reconcile your self to the lot of the poor and put away the longing to dres as fine and splendid as your wealthey and aristrocratick neighbors and you wil be far hapier and conted than while trying to keep pace with the whirl and fluter of the fashions of those that are so superior in the posesion of this worlds wealth and its goods the regiment is sighing the pay rolls to day and if nothing hapens whe wil be paid of in a short time from now the news of the result of the election in Illinois gives great joy and pleasure to all of the Illinois boys that are in the land fo Dixia a batteing for the preservation of their countries Liberties and the defeat of the most Gigantick rebellion that the nations fo the world has ever witnessed but the final and speady overthrow of the rebellion is now near at hand the defeat of the coperheads in all of the Loayal states and the large magorities in favor of the Government and the vigerous prosecution of the War wil soon be awnsered in thunder tones by the union Armies in the field as thay deal the last and final blows to the now feable stagering and totering rebelion and those blows are soon to be struck Grant is moving Mead is in motion and so is sherman and theirs then there is blunt and steel in the West a cairing all before them and the Galant Banckes in marching victoriously through Lea and ohn in to texas then there is stil the brave energetick and skilful Gilmore a raining fire and Destruction in to the city of Charston and the fortications of its traitor defenders and the last papers bring the glad tidings that Magor General Butter has ben caled to the comand of what has ben the department sof the verginia and North Carilina now consolidated in to one with hedquarters at Fortres monrow and I wil venture my head against a foot ball that he is now long there before he stirs the rebels up in a maner that thay have not ben there since he and Burnsides was there at the begining of the War I wrote a leter the other day and have ben mad at my self ever since I hope that you wil pardon me for it and I shal not do the licke in the future I am wel and hearty and hope that this may find all of you in the enjoyment of health and its blesings the boys are all wel and hearty and so is Lieut Wilson my love to you all write soon and give me all of intrest that transpires
Your son D Q. H. Krone
November the 14/63
My Dear Father it is with pleasure that I once more take my pen in hand to indite you a few lines hoping that thay may find you and the famaley all in the enjoyment of health and hapines my health is tolerbly good at the present time the weather is quite warm and there is evarey appearance of rain before morning my self and Clinton are ohn picket to morrow but I dont tghinck that he wil be able to go he has ben sick ever since he has ben back and is a geting worse all the time I thinck that he has plaied Whaley a leaving Quincy I shal say here that I dont make eney pretentions to know the half a bout Maters Militarey that he does and as to having him the implied master pater of the art and sience and I take it from leter my superior in evarey respect excepting a bodiley strength and endurance knuckling to me just for the sake of having an appearant peace is what I dont believe in if he is my superior in knowledge let him assert it and I shal of course knuck to him I much prefer to have an open antagonist to one that to my face renders acquiaence to my views and to my back derides and asserts that in all things he is my beter but I am going to for there is this much certain his and my pathway through this vale of truble lays for verey far apart you must forgive me for this but in fact I could not help giving my views ohn the mater and I truly hope and trust that you wont thinck hard of me for writing my honest thoughts I thanck you for the advice that you gave and hope that you wil repete the same I shal in all things tryand make his intrests and welfare my study and duty the third and secconed brigades have gone up the river and it is said that the first brigade is to folow as soon as troops get here from neworleans general logan is to take the comand of this post thay say it si said that whe wil keep ohn until when join Magor General W. T. sherman wel it is heard to leave our comfortable quarter and cabins but if it is necesarey that whe go whe are readey and wiling to companies of Negrow soldiers and the rebs had a fight here yesterday and the darkeys was victorious our recruiting party starts tomorrow seargant charles Nemens gos for Co. E you wil be verey apt to see him at Decatur the regiment is to be filed up and all recruits that have ever joined the regiment wil be held until the expiration of their thre years if the war continues and all afiers that have ben comisioned as such since the regiment has ben in the servis wil be held until thay have served as such for thre years and evarey time thay are promoted is is as though thay had but just enlisted as I have not anything worth riting I shal come to a close hoping that this may find all of you in the enjoyment of health and its bleasings and I again repeat that you must pardon me for what I have wrote I have forgoten to state that Framcis M. Stickel is dead he was kiled ohn the eighth of october at salem poor felow he has ben in menay a batel and ski9rmish and was twice wounded before but his fighting is over he has fought his last fight and fel at his post and let us all hope and trust that he has made his rest in heven where there is no war nor blood shed but all peace and harmoney your with respect and afection D Q H. Krone to his
October the 26/63
it is with pleasure that I take the present time to pen a few lines to you hoping that they may find you and all the Family well and in the enjoyment of health and hapines my health is good at this time whe are a having sum verey cold wet and disagreabel weather here now and it is quite winterish whe are engaged in building cabins for to winter in that is if whe are permited to remain here and I hope that whe may the rebels made a Dash and kiled to of our men our men kiled to of them and wounded to and captured to of their number so that thay made nothing out ohn the contrarey lost six men to our to it is reported that General smith has arived and taken the command of this district reliving thereby general M. M. Crocker from his present command here to our great satisfaction if it ohnley proved true
October the 29/63
I take my pen in hand to finish my leter this morning the weather here is fine and butiful and the regiment is all ehard at worck bilding cabins for winter quarters my mes wil get ours done to morrow the other day our orderley seargant while chiping logs for our cabin split his foot open and it wil be a long time before he wil be able to do his duty I recived a leter from Aunt kate yesterday thay are all wel I am begining to thinck that you have all forgoten to rite at home but hop to recive a leter by the first mail I am wel and so are all the rest of the boys
the same mail wil take my awnser to aunt Kates Leter and I wonder which wil reach its destination first
In Camp Natches Miss
October the 16th 1863
Father Mother Brothers and Sisters it is with the greatest pleasure that I take my pen in hand to inform you that I have arived safe and all rite at my regiment at Day brake of the fifteenth and found the boys all in the enjoyment of the best of health and spirits but now to my journey I left the city of Decatur at seven oclock the night of the 6th with the rain coming down or all that was out the first place of note was the town of Mowegua Celebrated for the immense quanties of rot gut whiskey that is consumed there but ohn whe sped the next point of note was pana the point where the altonteraheout and Illinois centeral Railroads cros each other the next town of note was Centralie wheare whe had to change cars and there is also at this place one of the best soldiers homes that there is in the United States is is Maintained and managed exclusively by the ladyes of the city the train left the city at twelve oclock that night and the rain was stil a coming down the next point of interest was just after whe had crosed the bigmudy the engine staled and could not get up the up grade so it left us standing ohn the track while it went ohn to the next station with a part of the train and then came back for us and without eney further trubel whe arived in Cairo the lost City at ten oclock beaing four hours behind time stired round and procured my transportation to the city of Memphis and went ohn board of the steamer Mansoon but she did not start until the morning of the Eighth and in thre hours time arived at the for famed rebel stronghold Columbus Key threw out the mail and pased ohn the next place of note or interest was the butiful little town of hickman and which place was also a rebel stronghold at the begining of the war the next place was Isleland No ten wheare General Pope captured seven thousand prisoners with all of their armed and equipments and five hundred pieces of artilery the next place of interest was Fort Pillow wheare whe lay all night the water being to low ohn the shoels a few miles below to risk crossing in the night whe arived at the City of Memphis at to oclock of the tenth at four oclock of the same Day ohn board of the United states transport steamer John H. Grousebeck and without eney thing of interest occuring whe arived at the City of Vicksburg the For Famed City of the hills ohn the Night of the thirteenth and found evarey thing in it stir one a camation the first cansas had just be cut to pieces by the rebels out ohn the big black and General Macpherson had started with evarey Avaliabel man to give them a cleaning out at the town of Raymond wheare they was said to be twenty thousand strong and folow them to Jackson if need be the evening of the fourteenth I left the virgin City ohn board of the us transport steamer spred eagle and arived here at one oclock the same night the City of natches is the most butiful place that whe have ever ben stationed at and I find that it is the universal wish of all that thay may be permited to remain here until the close of our term of servise wel that box of provisions lasted me through and I tel you what thay was splendid sue I dont want better cake than that was at my weding if it should ever take place the pies and bread was also splendiferous and that buter of Mrs Walaces makes cat be beat in my estimation and then the apples and the chicken both was surpeb those cherey pickels just put why eney doubts as to the flavor and relish of cold boiled ham why just try one that what I say but now I am a gain in the tented field hard tack and sow beley and shal have to give up cake and pie until I get home again that is if I am speared by God in his mercies for to se that time and day job Dillon is not kiled he was taken prisoner at the batel and taken to ritchmond and he is now exchanged and wil soon rejoin the regiment I hope that this may find all of you in the enjoyment of the best of health and hapines I am in as good health as I have ben for sum months back when you rite give me all of the news give my best wishes to all of the friends my love to you all and I come to a close your son and brother D Q. H. Krone to the famaley Ps let me know wheare Clint is and how he is and also Mary rite as soon as you recive this and oblige yours